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June 26, 2019
Beyond THC and CBD: What Are The Other Cannabinoids?

BY MARIE LODI

When it comes to cannabis, just two of its cannabinoids get the bulk of the attention: . There’s the most famous of these chemical compounds, the psychoactive tetrahydrocannabinol (aka THC), and the non-psychoactive cannabidiol (aka CBD). However, there are several other cannabinoids now in the conversation, thanks to some unique therapeutic benefits.

We’ve talked about the concept of the Entourage Effect, and how the different cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and fatty acids all work together in concert. This synergistic connection creates beneficial effects that would not happen otherwise, if the chemical compounds were working solitarily. So, it’s worth taking a deeper look at some of these other known phytocannabinoids to learn more about the array of health-boosting characteristics.

Types of Cannabinoids

THCA
Delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinolic acid, known as THCA is the precursor to the THC were well acquainted with. After cannabis becomes heated, the THCA converts. Before all of that happens, THCA is a non-psychoactive component boasting numerous health benefits, with anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, antitumor, and immunomodulatory properties.

CBDA
Similar to THCA and THC, CBDA, or cannabidiolic acid, is converted to CBD after being exposed to heat or after time. CBDA is also non-psychotropic, and has shown great promise for fighting nausea.

CBGA
Cannabigerolic acid, or CBGA, is another prevalent cannabinoid produced by the cannabis plant after THCA and CBDA. CBGA may contain antibiotic, antibacterial, anti-tumor, and antiseptic properties. Studies have shown CBGA to help stimulate appetite in rats and has the potential to help treat cachexia that is a result of chemotherapy.

THCV
THCV, or tetrahydrocannabivarin acid, is similar in chemical makeup as THC, and is also psychoactive. It also may contain numerous medicinal benefits, such as the potential to regulate blood sugar and treat Type 2 Diabetes, stimulate bone health, and treat Alzheimer's and Parkinson’s disease.

CBDVA
Cannabidivarinic acid is another non-psychoactive cannabinoid that shows great promise as an anticonvulsant and may be effective in treating epilepsy.

CBCA
Cannabichromenic acid is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that may help fight cancer, relieve pain and inflammation caused by arthritis, and even treat acne.

CBN
CBN, or cannabinol, is the chemical result of aged cannabis. Meaning when weed gets old, the THC converts to CBN. However, all is not lost. CBN may help with sleep issues as well as with reducing pain, and can fight MSRA bacteria and have anti-seizure characteristics.

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